|Udhwa Bird Sanctuary-Jharkhand|
|Udhwa Bird Sanctuary, spread over an area of 5.65 sq km, is the only bird sanctuary in Jharkhand. It is situated near the Udhwa Lake (also Patauda Lake) in Sahibganj District. The Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary is constituted by an amazing blend of two delectable lakes namely Pataura and Berhale that sum up together to occupy a cockling area that measures approximately 565 kilometers. Individually the lakes of Pataura and Berhale gobble up an area of 155 hectares and 410 hectares respectively. Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary is situated at a stone’s throw from the holy rivulet known as Ganga that adds a pleasant feel to its atmosphere.|
|Address:Udhwa Bird Sanctuary,|
|Best time to visit: October to May|
|The climate of Bihar is somehow tropical in nature, the summers are hot and humid while the winters are cold. November to January are winter months, when the weather remains mildly cold and temperature drops to a minimum of 5oC and 10oC. April to June are hot months and the temperature soars to a maximum of 45oC. Monsoon reaches the state in late June and remains till September.|
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Birds primarily witnessed stomping across on the surface of the water include: Gull, Jacana, Teal, Cormorant, Dabchick, Darter and others.The ones that spend most of their time on the banks satiated with huge quantities of mud are: Wader, Lapwing, Plover, Wagtail, Egret, Heron, Ibis, Stork and Pratincole.Birds that explore the lush grasslands and open fields at Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary of Bihar include: Blue Rock Pigeon, Lark, Bee-eater, Sparrow, Myna, Pipit, Bulbul other birds.The Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary in Bihar houses an astonishing six varied taxonomic categories of Mynas that truly deserves a big round of applause. They include: Pied Myna, Indian Myna, Bank Myna, Jungle Myna, Brahminy along with the extremely rare Grey-headed Myna.There is an absolute opulence of predatory avian creatures that include: Tern, Brahminy Kite, Fishing Eagle, Hawk and Vulture, House and Palm Swift, Swallow, Kingfisher, Drongo, Indian Roller and Parakeet and many more.The migratory birds just adore to spend some quality time in the Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary that include :- Black-headed and Brown-headed Gull, Grey-headed Lapwing, Little-ringed Plover, Red and Green Shanks, Spotted Green Shanks, Common Sandpiper, Temmink’s Stint, Yellow and White Wagtail, Blue-throat, Western Swallow and others.
A Valmiki temple is called an Ashram, which means a hermitage or monastery. It is the communal house for Valmikis. The function of the Ashram is to serve as a center for building up the commitment of devotee’s and for transmitting the Ramayana’s message, and the focal point for the whole community to preserve their culture and traditions.The Ashram is open to all who wish to enter, anyone who goes to the Ashram is welcome to stay as long as they wish and are welcome regardless of race, gender, caste or creed.
It lies at a distance of 3 kilometers from the main town and was constructed by the Lichchavis for Sakhamuni. A large tank, open courtyard and verandah are all that is left of this once famous monastery. In the north of this very site is the Ashokan pillar to commemorate the place where Buddha delivered his last sermon.Amvara or Amrapali’s mango grove: Amrapali the famous courtesan gifted here mango orchard Amvara to the Buddhist Sangha after she heard Buddha delivered his sermon.The ruins of Kings Vishala’s fort from whom the town gained its name, is also a major Tourist Attractions in Vaishali. Abhisekh Puskarini is the sacred coronation tank. The Japanese temple built by Nipponzan Myohoji sect of Japan is another interesting place in Vaishali.
A small sleepy town close to Hazipur, Sonepur comes alive every year on Kartik Purnima when one of the largest cattle fairs of Asia is organised. A whole lot of people turn up to be a part of this fair from both India and abroad. The Bihar state Tourism Development Corportaions make accommodation arrangements in traditional huts for visitors coming to this fair.
Muzaffarpur is located 35 km from Vaishali and is also known as the lychee kingdom. In ancient times, it is believed, Muzaffarpur, along with the modern district of Champaran and Darbhanga, formed the Lichchavi kingdom. Today, the city is one of the most important one in north Bihar and has plenty of historical sites in closeby areas to roam around.
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|Nearest Railway Station:The railway station of Patna is located in the main line of the Eastern Railway. It is well linked with almost all the important cities of the country and most of the cities in Bihar.|
|Nearest Airport:Patna airport is well connected with almost all the major cities in India. Indian Airlines and a number of private airlines operate out of Patna.|
|Road Transport:A vast network of National and State Highways interlink various places of Bihar and also connect the state with neighbouring states and rest of the country. The state capital, Patna has buses for almost all towns of Bihar. If you are coming to Bihar for Buddhist pilgrimage, the best option for you is to reach Patna first by air or train and then travel to Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir and Vaishali.|
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Valmiki National Park of India are located just beside each other in the area of Valmikinagar around the Gandak Barrage. The park encompasses an area of 932 km²and is the oldest national park of Nepal established in 1973.Valmiki National Park and Tiger Reserve is another park located on the banks of this river. Valmiki sanctuary covers about 800 km² of forest and is the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country and ranked fourth in terms density of Tiger population.Valmikinagar is also a well-inhabited town located in the northernmost part of the West Champaran district, bordering Nepal. The floral and faunal composition of this park with the prime protected carnivores in the National Conservation Programme of the Project Tiger in the year 1994 was remarkable. As per Zoological Survey of India`s report of 1998 the Sanctuary is known to have 53 mammals, 145 birds, 26 reptile and 13 amphibians.
This bee hive shaped granary was built in the year 1770 after the outbreak of a terrible famine. It is one of the oldest British structures in the city and once you reach its top after climbing a series of steps, you will get a good view of the River Ganges and the city.This enormous beehive-shaped structure was constructed as a state granary. A series of surrounding steps lead to the top of this huge building that commands a nice view of the river Ganges and Patna city.
Built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, this dome shaped structure houses many Sikh scriptures and personal belongings of Guru Gobind Singh.The shrine was built to consecrate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru (prophet). Many Sikh scriptures and the personal belongings of the prophet are preserved in this dome-shaped structure.
Nearly 5km away from Patna, this is the site of ancient Mauryan capital Patalipra. A huge 80-pillared hall of the Mauryan dynasty is an important find from the excavation.An archaeologist’s delight, this spot is marked by a huge 80 pillared hall. It is actually the ruins of Ashokan Pataliputra which in its heyday was comparable to Venice of the East.
The Museum has been constructed at the site of the fort of Sher Shah. The personal museum preserves a great collection of jade, Chinese paintings and silver filigree work of the Mughal period.The personal collection of Diwan Bahadur Radhakrishnan Jalan is housed in this museum. The jade collection, the beautiful Chinese paintings and the exquisite filigree work of the Mughal period form a part of its excellent repertoire.
This archeological remains of a deep well is one of the major tourist attractions in Patna. It is believed to be associated with the time of Ashoka.Believed to date back to the Ashokan period, this deep well draws a large number of visitors.
Patna Museum :
Locally known as the Jadu Ghar, this museum houses an amazing collection of bronze sculptures and terracotta figures. Its most precious object is the Didarganj Yakshi.The museum displays a prized collection of archaeological finds from different sites in Bihar. Metal and stone sculptures of the Maurya and Gupta Periods, terracotta figurines, ashes of the Buddha and a 16meters long fossilized tree feature among the exhibits. Patna Museum. The museum boasts of an amazing collection of Buddhist art, dating back to somewhere around 8th century AD to 12th century AD. The most magnificent pieces of art consist of the statues of Avalokitesvara and Maitreya. Apart from that, the city also houses some large pillars and the foundations of a Buddhist Monastery, known as Anand.
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|Ginger Hotel:Behind Icici Bank City Center,Kanha,Jharkhand,India,Ph:0343 2543333 Hotel Satkar:New Market,Katihar,Bihar,India The Peerless Inn Hotel:Shahid Khudiram Sarani,Karwar,India,ph:0343 2546601 Hotel Rajasthan:Saheed Chowk,Katihar,Bihar,India|
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Refinery Township Hospital:Begusarai,Bihar,India
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|Belgada Mela in Simaria is another religious festival held in Baisakh purnima. Bhadli mela in Itkhori is one of the Jharkhand temple festivals, where people worship the ancient temple of Goddess Kali and lord Shiva. It is a religious gathering on Makar Sankaranti. Sangharo Mela in Chatra is held in Sawan Purnima in Jharkhand. Cattle fairs in Jharkhand are of an immense popularity. People from near and far, from the state as well as from the neighboring states come to these fairs to buy or sell their cattle. The cattle fairs give everyone a reason to rejoice and take a respite from the mundane day to day living. These fairs also help them in their business. Of the cattle fairs in Jharkhand, one which is pretty well known is the Belgada Mela.The Belgada mela takes place on the day of Baisakhi Purnima. Probably the year in which the Belgada Fair originated . This is also essentially cattle fair though there are other festivities of a fair that can be enjoyed by all during this time.The other cattle fairs in Jharkhand are the Chatra mela which is held during the Durga Puja and two other fairs that take place in Chatra as well. These are the Kundri Mela which is held on Kartik Purnima and the Kolhaiya Mela held on the day of Magh Panchami. Other cattle fairs in Jharkhand are the Titulawa Mela that is held on Falgun Purnima and the Lawalong Mela, held on the day of the Aghan Purnima.|
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|Jharkhand’s climate is tropical in nature with hot and humid summers and cold winters. The climate of the state varies from one region to another region. Some parts of Jharkhand such as Ranchi, Netarhat and Parasanth enjoy a pleasant climate during the summers. The summer season commences early in the month of April and comes to an end by mid-June. Soon after the summers, the rainy season begins and it continues till the end of September. The winter season starts in the month of November and comes to an end by February.|
|Belgada Mela in Simaria is another religious festival started in 1920 and held in Baisakh purnima. Bhadli mela in Itkhori is one of the Jharkhand temple festivals, where people worship the ancient temple of Goddess Kali and lord Shiva. It is a religious gathering on Makar Sankaranti. Sangharo Mela in Chatra is held in Sawan Purnima in Jharkhand|
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|Belgada Mela Simaria, Jharkhand is one of the significant fairs, which is held in Baisakh Purnima. It is primarily cattle fair whose origin dates back to the year 1920. It is held at Simaria in Chatra District of Jharkhand and is one of the important cattle fairs in Jharkhand. People come from far and near to see the popular fairs such as Belgada Mela Simaria, Jharkhand.|
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Anil Agarwal (born 1954, Patna, Bihar, India) is an Indian
Early life and background
Anil Agarwal was born in Patna, Bihar in 1954. His father was a small-businessman. His father was into making aluminium conductors. Mr. Agarwal, was a matriculate from Miller High School, Patna. Lalu Prasad Yadav was his classmate and he also claim to be his great fan. He is strict vegetarian.
Anil Agarwal founded Sterlite Industries, a business operating in the industrial sector in 1976 and then in 1986 established Vedanta Resources bringing together a variety of businesses owned by the Agarwal family..Mr. Agarwal served as Chief Executive Officer of Vedanta Resources Plc. from November 27, 2003 to March 2005. He served as Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Sterlite Industries India Ltd.(subsidiary of Vedanta Resources Plc) from 1980 to October 19, 2004. Mr. Agarwal has over 31 years experience as an industrialist. He has been an Executive Chairman of Vedanta Resources Plc since March 23, 2005 and its Executive Director since May 16, 2003. Mr. Agarwal has been Chairman of Sterlite Industries India Ltd. since October 20, 2004. Mr. Agarwal has been Non Executive Chairman and an Additional Director of Sterlite Technologies Limited (a/k/a, Sterlite Optical Technologies Ltd.) since October 30, 2006. He serves as an Executive Chairman of BALCO( acquired by Sterlite). He serves as Chairman of the Board of Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd. (BALCO) and Sterlite Gold Ltd. Mr. Agarwal also serves as a Director of SOVL, Vedanta Alumina and Sterlite Paper Limited. He has been Director of Sterlite Gold Ltd. since January 1999 and Sterlite Industries India Ltd. since 1978. He serves as Director of Copper Mines Of Tasmania Pty Ltd., and Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd. (BALCO). Mr. Agarwal has been an Executive Director of Vedanta Resources Plc since May 16, 2003. He serves as a Director of Hindustan Zinc Ltd (HZL) , Vedanta Resources Holdings Limited and VAL.
Anil Agarwal is the Executive Chairman of Vedanta Group. Mr Agarwal, who founded the Group in 1976, is also Chairman of Sterlite and is a Director of BALCO, HZL, and Vedanta Alumina Ltd. Since 1976 the Group has grown under his leadership, vision and strategy. Mr Agarwal has over 30 years experience as an industrialist.
Vedanta Resources is a diversified metals and mining company with revenues in excess of USD 8 billion. It is the first Indian manufacturing company to be listed on the London Stock Exchange.
Anil Agarwal serves as the President of Operations at Orient Ceramics & Industries Ltd. Mr. Agarwal has over 31 years experience as an Industrialist. Mr. Agarwal founded Vedanta Resources plc in 1976 and served as its Chief Executive Officer from November 27, 2003 to March 2005. He served as the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Sterlite Industries India Ltd., a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources Plc from 1980 to October 19, 2004. He has been the Executive … Chairman of Vedanta Resources Plc since March 23, 2005. Mr. Agarwal has been the Chairman of Sterlite Industries India Ltd. since October 20, 2004. Mr. Agarwal has been the Non Executive Chairman of Sterlite Technologies Limited (a/k/a, Sterlite Optical Technologies Ltd.) since October 30, 2006. He serves as the Chairman of the Board of Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd. (BALCO) and Sterlite Gold Ltd. He serves as the Chairman of the Board at Sterlite Energy Ltd. and has been its Director since November 2007. He has been an Executive Director at Vedanta Resources Plc since May 16, 2003. Mr. Agarwal also serves as a Director of SOVL, Sterlite Opportunities and Ventures Ltd., Vedanta Aluminium Limited, Sterlite Metal Rollings Mills Private Limited, Finsider International Limited, Thalanga Copped Mines Pty Limited and Sterlite Paper Limited. He has been a Director of Sterlite Gold Ltd. since January 1999 and Sterlite Industries India Ltd. since 1978. He serves as a Director of Copper Mines Of Tasmania Pty Ltd. He serves as a Director of Vedanta Resources Holdings Limited and VAL. He served as a Director of Hindustan Zinc Ltd (HZL) from April 11, 2002 to March 2009. He received the E&Y Entrepreneur of the Year 2008 award.
Having ranked eighth in 2003, as of November 2006, he was the eleventh-richest Indian, with a personal fortune of US$4.5 billion.As of 6 October 2007, Agarwal’s net worth was estimated at $12.7 billion, making him the 6th richest Indian.As of 11th March 2010, his net worth is estimated at $ 6.4 billion
Mr. Agarwal is based in UK, where he lives in London, is married and has two children.
- Betla National Park
- Birsa Deer Sanctuary (Kalmati Ranchi)
- Chandrapura Bird Sanctuary
- Dalma Wild Life Sanctuary
- Detla National Park
- Gautam Budha Sanctuaries
- Hazaribagh National Park
- Ichagarh Bird Sanctuary
- Jaivik Udyan
- Jawaharlal Nehru Zoological Garden (Bokaro)
- Koderama Sanctuary
- Lawalong Sanctuary
- Mahuadar Sanctuaries
- Palamau National Park
- Palkote Wild Life Sanctuary (Gumla)
- Ranchi Aquarium (Ranchi)
- SARANDA (The Sal Forest)
- Tata Steel Zoological Park (Jamshedpur)
- Tatoloi hot water stream (Dumka)
- Tenughat Bird Sanctuary
- Topchanchi wildlife sanctuary
- Udhava Bird Sanctuary-Sahibganj (Pathara Lake)
- Udhwa Bird Sanctuary
|Language||ISO 639-3||Scripts||No. of Speakers||Geographical Distribution|
|Angika||anp||Anga Lipi, Devanagari||30,000,000||Eastern Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Nepal|
|Bajjika||Devanagari||11,738,000||North-Central Bihar Eastern Terai|
|Bhojpuri||bho||Kaithi, Devanagari||23,384,562||Western Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Central Terai|
|Fiji Hindi||hif||Roman and Devanagari||460,000||Fiji Islands|
|Kudmali||kyw||N.A.||37,000||Bihar West Bengal Orissa Assam.|
|Magahi||mag||Kaithi, Devanagari||11,362,000||Southern Bihar|
|Maithili||mai||Maithili, Devanagari||13,500,000||Northern Bihar Delhi Eastern Terai and .Maldives.|
|Majhi||mjz||N.A||21,841||Eastern Bihar, Nepal|
|Musasa||smm||N.A||50,000||Eastern Bihar, Nepal|
|Panchpargania||tdb||N.A.||274,000||West Bengal Jharkhand Assam|
|Sadri||sck||N.A.||165,683||Jharkhand Bihar and Bangladesh|
|Sadri, Oraon||sdr||N.A.||1,965,000||Jharkhand and Bangladesh|
|Surajpuri||sjp||N.A.||273,000||Kishanganj, Katihar & Araria.|
Bihar’s antiquity is evident from its name, which is derived from the ancient word “VIHARA” (monastery). It is indeed a land of monasteries. Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Muslim and Sikh shrines abound in this ancient land where India’s first major empires rose and fell. Where the ruins of the worlds’ earliest university slumbers in the void of time. The passage of Ganga, flowing wide and deep enrich the plains of Bihar before distributing in Bengal’s deltoid zone.
Among all Indian states, Bihar is the one most intimately linked to the Buddha’s life, resulting in a trail of pilgrimages which have come to be known as the Buddhist circuit. The Buddhist trail begins at the capital city, Patna, where a noteworthy museum contains a collection of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures as well as a terracotta urn said to contain the ashes of Lord Buddha.
The Khuda Baksh Oriental Library has rare Muslim manuscripts including some from the University of Cordoba in Spain. 40 km away, Vaishali, was the site for the second Buddhist Council is the presence of ruins testify. 90 km south of Patna is Nalanda which translates as the place that confers the lotus’ (of spiritual knowledge). A monastic university flourished here from the 5th to the 11th century. It is said to have contained nine million books, with 2,000 teachers to impart knowledge to 10,000 students who came from all over the Buddhist world. Lord Buddha himself taught here and Hieun Tsang, the 7th century Chinese traveler, was a student. Ongoing excavations have uncovered temples, monasteries and lecture halls. Rajgir, ‘the royal palace’, 12 km south, was the venue for the first Buddhist Council.
The Buddha spent five years at Rajgir after having attained enlightenment, and many of the remains at Rajgir commemorate various incidents related to life of Buddha, the hill of Gridhrakuta being perhaps the most important, as this is where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons. Bodhgaya is the spot where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, with the Mahabodhi Temple marking the precise location. This landlocked state of Bihar is surrounded by Nepal, Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and comprises four cultural regions-Bhojpur, Mithila and Magadha and Chotanagpur. Rivers Kosi and Gandak from the north and Sone from the south join the Ganga. In the fertile plains, rice, sugarcane, oilseeds, gram, maize, jute, barley and wheat are cultivated.
was one of the earliest republics in the world (6th century BC).It was here
that Buddha preached his last sermon. Vaishali, birthplace of Lord Mahavira is
also Sacred to Jains.
Patna: Patna once called Patliputra the capital of Bihar, is among the world’s oldest capital cities with unbroken history of many centuries as imperial metropolis of the Mauryas and Guptas imperial dynasties.
Rajgir: Rajgir, 19 kms from Nalanda, was the ancient capital of Magadha Empire. Lord Buddha often visited the monastery here to meditate and to preach. Rajgir is also a place sacred to the Jains, Since Lord Mahavira spent many years here.
Pawapuri: In Pawapuri, or Apapuri, 38 kilometres from Rajgir and 90 kilometres from Patna, all sins end for a devout Jain. Lord Mahavira, the final tirthankar and founder of Jainism, breathed his last at this place.
Bodhgaya: Near the holy city of Gaya, the Buddha attained enlightenment. The tree that had sheltered him came to be known as the Bodhi tree and the place Bodhgaya. Today Bodhgaya, an important place of pilgrimage, has a number of monasteries, some of them established by Buddhists of Japan, Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka etc.
Nalanda: A great centre of Buddhist learning, Nalanda came into prominence around the 5th century BC and was a flourishing university town with over ten thousand scholars and an extensive library.
Kesaria: This Stupa is in fact one of the many memorable stupa remarkable event in the life of Buddha. Kesaria has a lofty brick mound capped by a solid brick tower of considerable size, which it self is the remain of a Buddhist Stupa. The mound is a ruin with a diameter of 68 feet at its base and a total height of 5½ ft. originally it was crowned by a pinnacle which must have stood 80 or 90 ft above the ground. General Cunningham dated this monument to AD 200 to 700, and held that it was built upon the ruins of a much older and larger Stupa.
It is the highest Stupa found in the country with a height of about 104” from the base.
In Bihar, India, hope
is found where you least expect it. Behind a closed door where 10 to 25
women have come together to discuss their most urgent needs. Unheard of a
generation ago, this gathering is a mahila mandal – better known in this
country as a women’s group.
Life for women and girls in Bihar is especially grim as they face a system called Purdah that is almost as oppressive and restrictive as the Taliban era in Afghanistan. Women are required to cover themselves in public and cannot travel without their husbands’ permission. The harsh realities are reflected in the almost 90 percent illiteracy rate among women and the fact that 88 percent of girls marry before the age of 17.
Mahila mandals, with the aid of international organizations and donor support, are beginning to help though. One of the positive changes will be setting up savings and credit groups in which loans are approved and administered by and for local women. Having access to a loan as small as $50 can completely transform a woman’s life in Bihar. Even a small amount of money can provide her the means to purchase raw materials that can be turned into finished products for sale, including seeds to grow crops, or an animal that produces milk, cheese or eggs that are marketable.
This year, there will be 100 new mahila mandals or women’s savings and credit groups formed in Bihar. It is anticipated that the capital saved by the 5,100 group members will increase from $21,000 to $40,000 this year. More than 90 percent of that amount will be revolved as loans among the members. The value of this community-controlled asset is especially amazing when you realize the average annual income in this area is just over $400 a year.
Support from individuals in the United States can help transform the lives of women in this region and offer hope to them for a safer, more secure future.
A woman, as everyone
knows, usually gives birth to a baby after nine months of pregnancy, but in
Bihar 298 women claim to have delivered two to five children in a span of
60 days – at least that’s what records of incentives amount given to new
mothers under a government scheme show.
A woman gets around Rs.1,000 when she gives birth under the government’s Janani Suraksha Yojana but a total of Rs.6.6 lakh was paid as incentive to 298 women who claimed to have delivered two to five children within 60 days under the scheme, says a report of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) that exposes corruption in the state.
These irregularities were found in the year 2008-09 in the districts of Bhagalpur, East Champaran, Gopalganj, Kishanganj and Nalanda, according to the CAG report 2009 tabled in the monsoon session of the state assembly that concluded last week.
“The concerned officials paid incentives under the Janani Suraksha Yojana to these women two to five times in 60 days,” the report says.
Unfortunately, thousands of genuine lactating mothers were denied the incentive due to them. The CAG report says that of 470,307 new mothers, 97,146 were not provided cash incentives under the Janani Suraksha Yojana for want of funds. Also, payment of Rs.25.19 crore to 1.8 lakh beneficiaries were made after a delay ranging between eight and 732 days.
Opposition leaders criticised the state government for the corruption in the implementation of the Janani Suraksha Yojana in the state.
“All this is happening in Bihar when Chief Minister Nitish Kumar is claiming good governance. This is just a trailer of the unbelievable corruption in implementation of welfare schemes,” Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) state president Abdul Bari Siddiqui said.
Said Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) youth leader Gopal Sharma: “High corruption during Nitish Kumar’s four-and-a-half year rule has eaten into welfare schemes like in the case of Janani Suraksha Yojana exposed by the CAG report.”
At: Bajichowk, Dhenkanal Town.
Sri Baishnab Charan Patnaik was born on 29.4.1914 in Dhenkanal Town. From his Student life he revolted against corruption and Administration. In 1938 he was nominated as the organising Secretary of Chasimela at Jenapur. From March 1939 to August 1939 for a period of Six months he was imprisioned in Cuttack Jail. From June 1940 to 28th April 1942 for two years he was in Dhenkanal Jail under detention Act. He was released on 28.4.1942 with a condition to remain in his house as prisoner and was ordered to appear in the Police Station everyday. On 9.9.1942 he joined in Quit India movement. On 26th August 1942 at about 4 A.M., along with other 18 freedom Fighters, he captured Madhi (Kamakhyanagar) Police Station and set fire the Police Station, Govt. Quarters and Offices at Kamakshya Nagar. On 4th September 1942 Thousands of Volunteers under his leadershi, while going to capture Parajang Police Station, Police personel shoot at them and Baisnab Patnaik was injured near Janapada. After his treatment and recovery at Calcutta he came back to Dhenkanal on 26thMarch 1946. In the year 1947 he went to Nilagiri to take leadership of Prajamandal Workers and fought against Raj-Dalas and Nilagiri Raja handed over his Administation to District Magistate, Balasore. On 14.12.1947 he assisted Sardar Ballv Bhai Patel in Merger of Princely States. He was arrested on 17.3.1948 at Athagarh and sent to Cuttack Jail for Four Years. He was elected as a Member of Orissa Legislative Assembly from 1952 to 1956 from Dhenkanal Constituency. He was elected to Loksabha from 1962 to 1967 from Dhenkanal Constituency. Now he is staying at his Residence in Dhenkanal Town.